In Australia, orthotist/prosthetists are tertiary qualified allied health professionals that deliver a valuable health service to a broad range of the community. Orthotist/prosthetists work in a variety of settings in the Australian healthcare system and have a diverse scope of practice.

The profession is dual stream, with practitioners studying both orthotics and prosthetics, however many practitioners specialise in one area. The skills of an orthotist/prosthetist are highly specialised and unable to be replicated or substituted by other allied health professionals or medical specialists.